Web development is an evergreen industry with plenty of prospects. And, this industry has expanded in a variety of ways and fields since its inception in the early 1990s. Web development is still one of the most in-demand talents in the twenty-first century. Mastering web development languages is required to start a career in this field. However, with so many programming languages available today, it’s easy to become overwhelmed when deciding which ones to learn, especially if you’re a novice.
Even if you’re a complete newbie, you should know that Web Development is divided into two categories: Frontend Development and Backend Development. And, of course, they have their own set of tools and technology.
The purpose of this post is to introduce you to the top web development languages. We’ll go over the different programming languages’ use cases so that at the conclusion of the article, you’ll have a better grasp of them.
Python is a multi-purpose programming language that can be used for both web development and data analysis. It’s an open-source language that’s simple to pick up and use, as well as deploy. It is widely used for the building of extensible web pages and apps, making it one of the finest languages to learn for Web Development. The design of Python’s language, which is simple, beautiful, productive, and powerful, is its unique selling point (USP). It’s the gold standard for developer experience, and it’s impacted a number of programming languages, including Julia and Go. It is one of the greatest backend languages for Web development, with excellent interoperability with computer languages such as C and C++. One of the most significant advantages of adopting Python for web development is its extensive collection of standard libraries, which makes developers’ jobs easier and more efficient. Python has a number of other notable and unique characteristics, such as improved code readability. It is a more desired language among web developers due to its better interface with other languages, GUI programming capabilities, portability, and a variety of other factors.
Ruby is a high-level programming language for general-purpose use that enables conventional, functional, and object-oriented programming paradigms. The language is extensively used for web development throughout the globe, and novices should utilize it to get started with backend web programming because it is comparably easy to learn. Ruby, like Python, focuses on enhancing developer productivity, which in turn speeds up the web development process. Ruby runs on practically every major platform, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux, and it’s worth noting that it’s heavily influenced by other programming languages such as Perl, Lisp, Eiffel, Ada, and others. Some of the notable characteristics of Ruby include dynamic typing and duck typing, automatic garbage collection, a large standard library, custom dispatch behavior, flexibility and scalability, and centralized package management with Ruby Gems.
The core of web development is HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, which every developer should be familiar with. It is the second most often used language and is a popular expertise among web developers. It is the preferred language for creating web pages, despite the fact that it is not a full-fledged programming language. HTML is in charge of the structure of web pages as well as the appropriate formatting of text and pictures. It also supports the usage of templates, making it simple to create a website. In addition, it is light and quick.
Sun Microsystems created Java in 1990 to enhance the C++ programming language. It was created using the Write Once, Run Anywhere method. It is now owned by Oracle and is one of the most extensively used web development backend languages. It is an excellent language to learn because of its reasonable learning curve and high productivity. It embraces OOP ideas, contains open-source feature-rich libraries, and is a good language to learn because of its moderate learning curve and high productivity. To put it another way, Java code is first compiled into machine-independent byte code, which is then executed on the JVM independently of the underlying technology. Java also enables parallel computing, which allows two or more threads to run at the same time to maximize CPU use.
In the field of web development, PHP (or Hypertext Preprocessor) is a seasoned veteran. This open-source server-side scripting language was designed primarily for web development and was first released in 1994. It doesn’t require a compiler because it’s an interpreted language, and it can operate on practically every major operating system, including Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, and others. There are several benefits to using PHP, including its ease of learning, cross-platform portability, OOPs capabilities, and support for different common databases such as MySQL and SQLite. Aside from that, PHP is a fairly secure server-side scripting language, thanks to the multiple cryptographic algorithms available in PHP for encrypting user input. For backend web development, PHP is a good choice, especially if you’re a newbie.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is a database language that is typically used in conjunction with another computer language. It is used to modify databases as a database query language. With more than 50% of developers using SQL for programming, it ranks third on Stack Overflow’s list of the most popular programming languages. It’s commonly used in databases to create, read, update, and delete records. It’s also extensively utilized in business intelligence software and has a simple syntax.
C# is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It offers a number of sophisticated capabilities that enable developers to design high-performance apps. .NET enhances this by providing tools and frameworks that make C# code easier to create, build, and deploy. The language was created as part of Microsoft’s .NET framework, which has grown to become one of the most extensively used platforms in history. C# can help you reach your goals faster than ever before, whether you’re making video games or applications, inventing software solutions, or exploring totally new methods of generating content.
Hence, we’ve included the most useful and recommended programming languages for backend web development that you should master. Let us remind you, however, that before choosing any of the above-mentioned languages, you must evaluate a variety of specific factors such as your objectives, project needs, learning curve, and so on.